Calon Arang Site in Kediri, East Java

It is a fictional story of a great wizard battling hermits and an ancient lost city in Indonesia. Historical evidence is weak. Story of Calon Arang and ancient lost city in Indonesia. Calon Arang was a widow who attacked the land of Airlangga with supernatural powers. The Calon Arang Site and Tondowongso Site in Kediri Regency are named after her and the region of Gurah is mentioned in her story.

Calon Arang site is a historic artifact repository. Calon Arang is a character from Majapahit period literature
Girah village changed its name to Gurah and houses the Calon Arang site. The Calon Arang site is not related to the mythical story and is potentially an ancient settlement. The site’s mortar remains may have been from a caretaker’s house. No inscriptions support the site’s connection to Calon Arang. The Gurah Temple nearby is a potential religious settlement of ancient Javanese people.

The Tondowongso Site, a lost temple with many beautiful statues, was discovered in East Java. The temple was lost in piles of residents’ houses and was only rediscovered in 2007. A total of 12 statues were found, plus 3 unrecognized statue fragments. The Tondowongso Site has unique statues related to the missing temple. The temple cluster is surrounded by a wall. The Tondowongso Site has statues similar to the missing temple and they are unique.

Archaeologists identify a transitional style in ancient Javanese statues. The Tondowongso-Gurah Site statues have attributes from both the Medang and East Javanese styles. The style of the statues is believed to be the precursor to cultural arts from the Singhasari to Majapahit periods.

Tondowongso Temple & nearby sites in Gurah showcase Hindu-Buddhist tolerance. Various sites around the Tondowongso Temple location highlighted, including Boto Putih, Ponijo, Adan-Adan & Calon Arang. Factors contributing to destruction of Tondowongso site suggested, including natural disasters and change of dynasty. The Gurah area had important religious settlements until the 16th century. The Rajasa dynasty built a holy place for both Hinduism-Shiva and Buddhism. The Tondowongso and Calon Arang sites in Gurah District have unclear histories.


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